Reading through the various values, the psychological value stands out the most to me. While the material value seems interesting because art can be used in a practical manner like bronze statues, I think the psychological value is something that everyone can relate to. Beauty is completely subjective. A piece of art may be a masterpiece to some, but for another, it may be considered trash.
Personally, I love photography and taking candid photos of my friends/family. While I enjoy capturing a posed photo in front of beautiful scenery, I also like taking “raw” pictures of my favorite people just as they are. Photographs give me the ability to relive a specific moment in my past – a real moment.
Art is highly subjective, and all types of methods could be applied, but it really depends on the context of the piece. I thought it was very interesting that even though Marxism appeared in the 1800s, the methodology can still be applied for works of art prior to 1800, such as Bruegel’s The Tower of Babel. The idea of the Marxism approach, however, might be not be applicable in all aspects of art. A piece of art might not have “two sides” in which one can be labeled as proletariat or bourgeoisie.
All methodologies can be applied appropriately to a variety of work, depending on the context in which the art piece was created. Of all the methodologies, it seems like the Biography and Autobiography method closely relates to the psychological value in that the meaning of art is reflective of the artist and their life. An art piece may be dedicated to God and is a form of worship, or it may symbolize something that the artist holds close to their heart.
I really enjoyed flipping through the textbook and looking at the variety of art pieces. I was able to recognize some of the architecture from the places I’ve traveled to, which was great. One piece that particularly stood out to me was Joseph Mallord William Turner’s Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, 1834 which is found in chapter 22 on page 406 (in the 4th edition textbook). Source
The colors used in this piece of work are the complementary colors blue and orange. The stark contrast between the orange flames and the muted waters and boats draws attention to the fiery flame. The repetition of the bridge also provides a line, guiding viewers toward the fire as well. I also like the reflection of the blazing smoke from the sky and into the waters. I like that the intensity of the warm colors gradually gets more saturated as it leads to the core of the flame. The artist does a great job of drawing attention to the fire, and I like the added detail of the silhouette of the house in the flames.